The Reference Values for Nutrient Intake
The Reference Values for Nutrient Intake are the basis on which diets are planned to match nutritional requirements for food intake. In addition, they form the basis for food rules and regulations for the food industry and food monitoring. The majority of the revised reference values (e.g. energy) is published open access.
- Revised D-A-CH reference values for the intake of biotin Eur J Nutr 2022
- Revised D-A-CH-reference values for the intake of Vitamin B6 Ann Nutr Metab 2020
- Revised D-A-CH-reference values for the intake of zinc J Trace Elem Med Biol 2020; 61
- Revised Reference Values for the Intake of Protein, Ann Nutr Metab 2019; 74: 242–250
- The Revised D‐A‐CH‐Reference Values for the Intake of Vitamin B12: Prevention of Deficiency and Beyond Mol Nutr Food Res 2019; 63
- Revised reference values for the intake of sodium and chloride Ann Nutr Metab 2018; 72:12-17
- Revised reference values for the intake of potassium Ann Nutr Metab 2017; 71:118–124
- Revised reference values for the intake of thiamin (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), and niacin NFS Journal 2016; 3: 20-24
- New reference values for energy intake Ann Nutr Metab 2015; 66: 219‒223
- Revised reference values for selenium intake J Trace Elem Med Biol 2015; 32: 195–199
- New reference values for vitamin C Intake Ann Nutr Metab 2015; 67: 13–20
- Letter to the editor – In reference to critical evaluation of lowering the recommended dietary intake of folate Clin Nutr 2014; 33: 733–734
- Revised D-A-CH intake recommendations for folate: how much is needed? Eur J Clin Nutr 2014; 68: 719–723
- New reference values for calcium Ann Nutr Metab 2013; 63:186–192
- Selected questions and answers on vitamin D Joint FAQs of BfR, DGE and MRI, 22 October 2012
- New reference values for vitamin D Ann Nutr Metab 2012; 60: 241–246
Evidence-based guidelines on the impact of macronutrients on health-related outcomes
The DGE publishes evidence-based guidelines that analyse the link between macronutrients and selected health-related outcomes in the general adult population. The guidelines are based on systematic literature searches. During the process, the results of systematic literature searches are critically reviewed and the overall certainty of evidence is evaluated according to predefined criteria. At the end the practical consequences for current dietary recommendations are described.
- Dietary protein intake and health-related outcomes: a methodological protocol for the evidence evaluation and the outline of an evidence to decision framework underlying the evidence-based guideline of the German Nutrition Society Eur J Nutr 61 (2022): 2091–2101
Protein intake and bone health: an umbrella review of systematic reviews for the evidence-based guideline of the German Nutrition Society Osteoporosis Int 34 (2023): 1335–1353
Protein intake and body weight, fat mass and waist circumference: an umbrella review of systematic reviews for the evidence-based guideline on protein intake of the German Nutrition Society Eur J Nutr (2023)
Fish intake and prevention of selected nutrition-related diseases Ernahrungs Umschau 63 (2016): 148–154
- Fat intake and prevention of selected nutrition-related diseases Ann Nutr Metab 67 (2015): 104-109
- Evidence-based guideline of the German Nutrition Society: Fat intake and prevention of selected nutrition-related diseases Ann Nutr Metab (2015); 67: 141–204
- Evidence-based guideline of the German Nutrition Society: Carbohydrate intake and prevention of nutrition-related diseases Ann Nutr Metab (2012); 60 (suppl 1): 1–58
Statements and Commentaries
- The Planetary Health Diet in contrast to the food-based dietary guidelines of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) Ernährungs Umschau. 2021; 69(5):56–72.e1–3
- DGE position statement on a more sustainable diet Ernährungs Umschau. 2021; 68(7): 144–54
- Update to the position of the German Nutrition Society on vegan diets in population groups with special nutritional requirements ErnährungsUmschau (2020); 5. Sonderheft: 64-72
- Quantitative recommendation on sugar intake in Germany Ernahrungs Umschau 2019; 66: 26-34
- Letter to the editor -Associations of fats and carbohydrates with cardiovascular disease and mortality—PURE and simple? Lancet 2018; 391: 1678–1679
- Salt intake in Germany, health consequences, and resulting recommendations for action Ernahrungs Umschau 63 (2016): 62–70
- Vegan Diet - Position of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) Ernahrungs Umschau 63 (2016): 92–102. Erratum in: 63 (2016): M262
- Food energy density and body weight. A scientific statement from the DGE. Ernahrungs Umschau 61(1): 2–11
- Evaluation of vitamin supplies in Germany. Data on vitamin intake. (2012)
Machine learning and personalized nutrition: a promising liaison? Eur J Clin Nutr (2023)
- Perspective: A Conceptual Framework for Adaptive Personalized Nutrition Advice Systems (APNASs) Advances in Nutrition (2023)
Gut Microbiome Analysis for Personalized Nutrition: The State of Science Mol Nutr Food Res 67 (2022)
Genetics and Epigenetics in Personalized Nutrition: Evidence, Expectations, and Experiences Mol Nutr Food Res 66 (2022)
Food-Based Dietary Guidelines in Germany
Food-based dietary guidelines are an important instrument to support a health-promoting diet. In Germany the official food-based dietary guidelines are developed by the DGE. For the first time they are summarized in one brochure. Based on background information about the development of dietary guidelines, the 10 guidelines of the DGE for a wholesome diet the DGE Nutrition Circle and the Three-Dimensional DGE Food Pyramid are elucidated. The brochure is intended for nutrition experts and multipliers and provides suggestions for using the DGE Nutrition Circle, the Three-Dimensional DGE Food Pyramid and the 10 guidelines of the DGE in one’s work.
The DGE Consultation Standards
The German Nutrition Society publishes the DGE-standards for nutritional education, to avoid confusion and to standardize statements in the field of nutrition.
Ernährungs Umschau This scientific journal is the organ of the German Nutrition Society. Published monthly, it offers a source of various information and results derived from scientific studies for nutritional experts.
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism The monthly journal is the English-language organ of the DGE. All DGE members can read the online edition for free.
Various Media and Press Releases
Leaflets, booklets, books, electronic media for nutritional experts and consumers are available. The science based newsletter “DGEwissen” informs those active in nutrition counselling. The press releases offer well-founded news and background information to journalists.
Details concerning these publications and various other media can be found on the homepage: www.dge-medienservice.de
For further information, please contact:
German Nutrition Society
Godesberger Allee 136
Tel.: +49 (0)228 3776-600
Fax: +49 (0)228 3776-800